Resources / Publications
Edita Garskaite (1), Sarah L. Stoll (2), Fredrik Forsberg (3), Henrik Lycksam (3), Zivile Stankeviciute (4), Aivaras Kareiva (4), Alberto Quintana (5), Christopher J. Jensen (5), Kai Liu (5), Dick Sandberg (1)
ACS Omega, 6, Issue 33, August 2021: 21719–21729. DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c03204
This work presents a rapid and facile way to access the cell wall of wood with magnetic nanoparticles (NPs), providing insights into a method of wood modification to prepare hybrid bio-based functional materials. Diffusion-driven infiltration into Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) sapwood was achieved using colloidal Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction analyses were used to detect and assess the accessibility of the cell wall to Fe3O4. The structural changes, filling of tracheids (cell lumina), and NP infiltration depth were further evaluated by performing X-ray microcomputed tomography analysis. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to assess the chemical changes in Scots pine induced by the interaction of the wood with the solvent. The thermal stability of Fe3O4-modified wood was studied by thermogravimetric analysis. Successful infiltration of the Fe3O4 NPs was confirmed by measuring the magnetic properties of cross-sectioned layers of the modified wood. The results indicate the feasibility of creating multiple functionalities that may lead to many future applications, including structural nanomaterials with desirable thermal properties, magnetic devices, and sensors.
Dragonfly was used to perform the 3D visualization and quantitative analysis of micro-CT images.
(1) Wood Science and Engineering, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Forskargatan 1, SE-931 87 Skellefteå, Sweden.
(2) Chemistry Department, Georgetown University, 37th and O Streets NW, Washington, D.C. 20057, United States.
(3) Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 87 Luleå, Sweden.
(4) Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences, Vilnius University, Naugarduko 24, Vilnius LT-03225, Lithuania.
(5)Physics Department, Georgetown University, 37th and O Streets NW, Washington, D.C., 20057, United States.
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